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Generally, when a dairy farm started with 100 heifers according to the normal conditions following the end of the 2nd year the herd circulation is expected to begin. The most important two factors here milk and cemen efectiveness.

CLOSED AND OPEN AREAS:

Barns

According to the calculation that from each preganant heifer one new calf has been obtained, the farm will own 90 calfs (10% wastage ratio). Expecting the 50% is male and the rest is female, totally 90 units should be located in a different barn.



Feeding Storage and other Areas




Area



m2


Feeding Storage



291


Raw Feed Store



233


Silage



818


Materials



48


Maternity (2 units)



20


Infirmary



20


Milking Parlour



83


Manure Pit



347


Walking Alley



1897


Total Alleys



3055


Garden



162


Farm House



81


Management



49



TOTAL



7.104





STUDS:

Studs should receive all necessary health maintenance with shiny hairs, vaccinated.

100 x 2500 Euro

MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT:

Machinery

Automated Milking Parlour and Machinery (5 x 2) 30.000-35.000




Feeding Grinding Machine 550




Feeding Mixer (6 m3) - 1 Unit 11.000




Water Trough (4 Units) 1.200




Automatic Cow Brush (4 Units) 2.200




Cubicles (for 100 herds) 4.500




Calf House (20 Units) 3.200




Bedding Material (for 100 herds) 5.000




Milk Cooling Tanks (5 ton) 5.400




Manure Scraper (4 units) 14.000




Tractor 15.000




Manure Separator 11.000




Rubber Mat (for 100 herds) 5000




Manure Pump and Mixer 4000

TOTAL 117.050






FEEDING COSTS:

Prepared as 600 Kg, 3,2% fat, 3,8% protein, 5% lactose 30 lt. milk per milch cow

AMOUNT ( Kg) FEED

20 Corn Silage 0,71

4 Alfalfa 0,32

1 Razmol 0,12

2 Corn Flakes 0,22

1 Wheat 0,11

2 Soya Pulp 0,56

0,1 Vitamin Premix 0,22

0,1 Dicalciumphosphate 0,26

30,2 TOTAL 2,59

**In order to obtaine high milking capacity by-pass fat and protein can also be used. On the other hand these may inrease the feedign costs. Above mentioned table will be enough for 25-30 lt capacity.

MILKING COST AND INCOME:

. Feeding cost of 1 lt milk : 2,59 € / 30 lt milk = 0.086 €
. 1 Liter raw milk selling price (% 3,5 yfat) : 0.30 € (A quality can be sold at 0,41 €)
. Milk income per cow :30 lt raw milk X 0.30 TL = 9 €
. Net Milk income per unit:
9 € (income) - 2,59 € TL (feeding cost) = 6,41 € (Income per livestock)
 
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